Source code for grid2op.Chronics.multifolderWithCache

# Copyright (c) 2019-2020, RTE (
# See AUTHORS.txt
# This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public License, version 2.0.
# If a copy of the Mozilla Public License, version 2.0 was not distributed with this file,
# you can obtain one at
# SPDX-License-Identifier: MPL-2.0
# This file is part of Grid2Op, Grid2Op a testbed platform to model sequential decision making in power systems.
import numpy as np
from datetime import timedelta, datetime

from grid2op.dtypes import dt_int
from grid2op.Chronics.multiFolder import Multifolder
from grid2op.Chronics.gridStateFromFile import GridStateFromFile
from grid2op.Exceptions import ChronicsError

[docs]class MultifolderWithCache(Multifolder): """ This class is a particular type of :class:`Multifolder` that, instead of reading is all from disk each time stores it into memory. For now it's only compatible (because it only present some kind of interest) with :class:`GridValue` class inheriting from :class:`GridStateFromFile`. The function :func:`MultifolderWithCache.reset` will redo the cache from scratch. You can filter which type of data will be cached or not with the :func:`MultifolderWithCache.set_filter` function. **NB** Efficient use of this class can dramatically increase the speed of the learning algorithm, especially at the beginning where lots of data are read from the hard drive and the agent games over after a few time steps ( typically, data are given by months, so 30*288 >= 8600 time steps, while during exploration an agent usually performs less than a few dozen of steps leading to more time spent reading 8600 rows than computing the few dozen of steps. .. danger:: When you create an environment with this chronics class (*eg* by doing `env = make(...,chronics_class=MultifolderWithCache)`), the "cache" is not pre loaded, only the first scenario is loaded in memory (to save loading time). In order to load everything, you NEED to call `env.chronics_handler.reset()`, which, by default, will load every scenario into memory. If you want to filter some data, for example by reading only the scenario of decembre, you can use the `set_filter` method. A typical workflow (at the start of your program) when using this class is then: 1) create the environment: `env = make(...,chronics_class=MultifolderWithCache)` 2) (optional but recommended) select some scenarios: `env.chronics_handler.real_data.set_filter(lambda x: re.match(".*december.*", x) is not None)` 3) load the data in memory: `env.chronics_handler.reset()` 4) do whatever you want using `env` .. note:: After creation (anywhere in your code), you can use other scenarios by calling the `set_filter` function again: 1) select other scenarios: `env.chronics_handler.real_data.set_filter(lambda x: re.match(".*january.*", x) is not None)` 2) load the data in memory: `env.chronics_handler.reset()` 3) do whatever you want using `env` Examples --------- This is how this class can be used: .. code-block:: python import re from grid2op import make from grid2op.Chronics import MultifolderWithCache env = make(...,chronics_class=MultifolderWithCache) # set the chronics to limit to one week of data (lower memory footprint) env.chronics_handler.set_max_iter(7*288) # assign a filter, use only chronics that have "december" in their name env.chronics_handler.real_data.set_filter(lambda x: re.match(".*december.*", x) is not None) # create the cache env.chronics_handler.reset() # and now you can use it as you would do any gym environment: my_agent = ... obs = env.reset() done = False reward = env.reward_range[0] while not done: act = my_agent.act(obs, reward, done) obs, reward, done, info = env.step(act) # and step will NOT load any data from disk. """ MULTI_CHRONICS = True ERROR_MSG_NOT_LOADED = ("We detected a misusage of the `MultifolderWithCache` class: the cache " "has not been loaded in memory which will most likely cause issues " "with your environment. Do not forget to call " "`env.chronics_handler.set_filter(...)` to tell which time series " "you want to keep and then `env.chronics_handler.reset()` " "to load them. \nFor more information consult the documentation:\n" "") def __init__( self, path, time_interval=timedelta(minutes=5), start_datetime=datetime(year=2019, month=1, day=1), gridvalueClass=GridStateFromFile, sep=";", max_iter=-1, chunk_size=None, filter_func=None, **kwargs, ): # below: counter to prevent use without explicit call to `env.chronics.handler.reset()` if "_DONTUSE_nb_reset_called" in kwargs: self.__nb_reset_called = int(kwargs["_DONTUSE_nb_reset_called"]) del kwargs["_DONTUSE_nb_reset_called"] else: self.__nb_reset_called = -1 if "_DONTUSE_nb_step_called" in kwargs: self.__nb_step_called = int(kwargs["_DONTUSE_nb_step_called"]) del kwargs["_DONTUSE_nb_step_called"] else: self.__nb_step_called = -1 if "_DONTUSE_nb_init_called" in kwargs: self.__nb_init_called = int(kwargs["_DONTUSE_nb_init_called"]) del kwargs["_DONTUSE_nb_init_called"] else: self.__nb_init_called = -1 # now init the data Multifolder.__init__( self, path=path, time_interval=time_interval, start_datetime=start_datetime, gridvalueClass=gridvalueClass, sep=sep, max_iter=max_iter, chunk_size=None, filter_func=filter_func, **kwargs ) self._cached_data = None self.cache_size = 0 if not issubclass(self.gridvalueClass, GridStateFromFile): raise RuntimeError( 'MultifolderWithCache does not work when "gridvalueClass" does not inherit from ' '"GridStateFromFile".' ) self.__i = 0 def _default_filter(self, x): """ default filter used at the initialization. It keeps only the first data encountered. """ if self.__i > 0: return False else: self.__i += 1 return True
[docs] def reset(self): """ Rebuilt the cache as if it were built from scratch. This call might take a while to process. .. danger:: You NEED to call this function (with `env.chronics_handler.reset()`) if you use the `MultiFolderWithCache` class in your experiments. .. warning:: If a seed is set (see :func:`MultiFolderWithCache.seed`) then all the data in the cache are also seeded when this method is called. """ self._cached_data = [None for _ in self.subpaths] self.__i = 0 # select the right paths, and store their id in "_order" super().reset() self.cache_size = 0 max_int = np.iinfo(dt_int).max for i in self._order: # everything in "_order" need to be put in cache path = self.subpaths[i] data = self.gridvalueClass( time_interval=self.time_interval, sep=self.sep, path=path, max_iter=self.max_iter, chunk_size=None, ) if self.seed_used is not None: seed_chronics = self.space_prng.randint(max_int) data.seed(seed_chronics) data.initialize( self._order_backend_loads, self._order_backend_prods, self._order_backend_lines, self._order_backend_subs, self._names_chronics_to_backend, ) self._cached_data[i] = data self.cache_size += 1 if self.cache_size == 0: raise RuntimeError("Impossible to initialize the new cache.") self.__nb_reset_called += 1 return self.subpaths[self._order]
[docs] def initialize( self, order_backend_loads, order_backend_prods, order_backend_lines, order_backend_subs, names_chronics_to_backend=None, ): self.__nb_init_called += 1 if self.__nb_reset_called <= 0: if self.__nb_init_called != 0: # authorize the creation of the environment but nothing more raise ChronicsError(type(self).ERROR_MSG_NOT_LOADED) self._order_backend_loads = order_backend_loads self._order_backend_prods = order_backend_prods self._order_backend_lines = order_backend_lines self._order_backend_subs = order_backend_subs self._names_chronics_to_backend = names_chronics_to_backend self.n_gen = len(order_backend_prods) self.n_load = len(order_backend_loads) self.n_line = len(order_backend_lines) if self._cached_data is None: # initialize the cache self.reset() id_scenario = self._order[self._prev_cache_id] = self._cached_data[id_scenario]
@property def max_iter(self): return self._max_iter @max_iter.setter def max_iter(self, value : int): self._max_iter = int(value) for el in self._cached_data: if el is None: continue el.max_iter = value
[docs] def max_timestep(self): return
[docs] def seed(self, seed : int): """This seeds both the MultiFolderWithCache (which has an impact for example on :func:`MultiFolder.sample_next_chronics`) and each data present in the cache. Parameters ---------- seed : int The seed to use """ res = super().seed(seed) max_int = np.iinfo(dt_int).max for i in self._order: data = self._cached_data[i] if data is None: continue seed_ts = self.space_prng.randint(max_int) data.seed(seed_ts) return res
[docs] def load_next(self): self.__nb_step_called += 1 if self.__nb_reset_called <= 0: if self.__nb_step_called != 0: # authorize the creation of the environment but nothing more raise ChronicsError(type(self).ERROR_MSG_NOT_LOADED) return super().load_next()
[docs] def set_filter(self, filter_fun): self.__nb_reset_called = 0 self.__nb_step_called = 0 self.__nb_init_called = 0 return super().set_filter(filter_fun)
[docs] def get_kwargs(self, dict_): dict_["_DONTUSE_nb_reset_called"] = self.__nb_reset_called dict_["_DONTUSE_nb_step_called"] = self.__nb_step_called dict_["_DONTUSE_nb_init_called"] = self.__nb_init_called return super().get_kwargs(dict_)